The Cognātarium

n– {not, no}: an– (not), deny, in– (not), nary, naught, nay, necessary, nefarious, negate (→neg–), neither, nepenthe, nescient, neuter (→neutr–), never, nihilism (→nihil–), nil, nitwit, nix, no, nolo contendere, non–, none, nor, not, nothing, nought, null (→nul–), un–, willy-nilly Fr. non Ger. nein Russ. nyet || From IE *ne– : not

nano– {one billionth (10−9)}: nanogram, nanometer, nanosecond, nanotechnology || From Gr nanos : dwarf

nap– {flat piece of cloth}: napery, napkin, nappe || From OFr nappe : cloth, tablecloth From L mappa : table napkin From Punic

naphth– {naphtha, bitumen}: naphtha, naphthalene, naphthene, naphthol, naphthyl || From Gr naphtha : naphtha, bitumen From Pers neft : pitch

narc– {numbness, sleep}: narceine, narcoanalysis, narcolepsy, narcosis, narcosynthesis, narcotic || From Gr narkē : numbness, stupor

nas–1 {to be born}: nascent, renascent renaissance same as gn–, nat–1 || From L nasci (older form gnasci): to be born

nas–2 {nose}: nasal, nasturtium, postnasal see also nos–2 || From L nāsus : nose From IE *nas‒ : nose

nast– {type of plant growth}: epinasty, hyponasty, nastic || From Gr nastos : pressed close From nassein : to press, to squeeze close

nat–1 {to be born}: adnate, agnate, au naturel, denature, enate, innate, natal, Natalie, nation, native, nativity, natural, nature, naturopathy, neonatal, postnatal, preternatural, supernatural naïve same as gn–, nas–1 || From L nātus (older form gnatus), pp. of nasci (older form gnasci) : to be born To nātālis : relating to birth, natal; nātio (gen. nātiōnis) : a being born, birth, tribe related by birth, race, people; nātīvus : born, native, natural; nātūra : birth, nature

nat–2 {to swim}: natant, natatorium, supernatant || From L natare : to swim

nathan– {gift}: Jonathan, Nathan, Nathaniel || From Heb nāthan : he has given

nau– {ship}: naumachy, nauplius see also naus–, naut– || From Gr naus : ship From IE *nāu(s) : boat

naus– {ship, seasickness, nausea}: ad nauseam, nausea, nauseant, nauseate, nauseous see also nau–, naut– || From Gr nausia, nautia : seasickness From nautēs : sailor From naus : ship From IE *nāu(s) : boat

naut– {sailor, ship}: aeronautics, Argonaut, astronaut, cosmonaut, nautical, nautiloid, nautilus see also nau–, naus–, nav– || From L From Gr nautēs : sailor, seaman From naus : ship From IE *nāu(s) : boat

nav– {ship}: circumnavigate, naval, nave, navicular, navigable, navigate, navy see also naut– || From L nāvis : ship, vessel To nāvālis : of ships, naval, nautical; nāvigātio : a sailing, a voyage From IE *nāu(s) : boat

neath– {below, down}: beneath, underneath nether || From OE neothan, neothera : down From IE *ni– : down To Ger nieder & Du neder : lower

nebul– {cloud}: nebula, nebulize, nebulous see also neph– || From L nebula : vapor, fog, mist

nec– {death}: internecine pernicious see also necro– || From L necis, gen. of nex : death To necare : to kill, to slay; akin to Gr necros : corpse, hence: death From IE *nek– : death, corpse

necro– {death}: necrobiosis, necrology, necromancy, necrophagous, necrophilia, Necrophorus, necropolis, necropsy, necrosis, necrotic, necrotizing see also nec– || From Gr nekros : dead body, corpse; akin to L nex (gen necis) : corpse From IE *nek– : death, corpse

nect–, nex– {to bind, to fasten}: adnexa, annectant, annex, connect, disconnect, nexus || From L nectere (pp. nexum) : to tie, to bind, to fasten together, to connect To nexus : a binding, a tying together, a connection

neg– {denial, negation}: abnegate, negate, negative, neglect, negligee, negligent, negligible, negotiate, renegade, renege see also n– || From L negare : to say no, to deny To neg– : negative prefix To neglectum (pp. of neglegere) : to neglect, to disregard; negōtium : absence of leisure, hence: business; abnegare : to deny, to refuse • renegade & renege From ML renegare : to deny From re– : again + negare : to deny, to refuse From IE *ne– : not

negr– {black}: Negrito, negritude, Negro, Negroid, negrophile, negrophobia same as nigr–, noir– compare alb– || From Sp & Port negro : black, black person From L niger : black To nigrare : to be black From

nema(t)– {thread, threadlike, hence: threadlike worm or parasite}: chromonema, nemathelminth, nematic, nematocyst, nematode, nematology, Nematomorpha, protonema, treponema || From Gr nēma (gen. nēmatos) : what is spun, thread From IE *sne– or *ne– : to spin, to sew, thread

ne(o)– {new}: misoneism, Neapolis (Naples), Neapolitan, Neocene, neoconservative, neodymium, Neolithic, neologism, neomycin, neon, neonatal, Neo-Nazi, neophyte, neoplasm, neoprene, neoteny, new, renew see also nov–1 || From Gr neos : young, new

neph– {cloud}: nephanalysis, nepheline, nephelinite, nephelometer, nephology see also nebul– || From Gr nephos : cloud

nephr– {kidney}: epinephrine, nephrectomy, nephrite, nephritis, nephrology, perinephrium || From Gr nephros : kidney

neptun– {the god Neptune}: Neptune, Neptunian, neptunium || From L Neptūnus : Neptune, god of the sea; identified with Greek Poseidon

nerv– {nerve}: anorexia nervosa, enervate, nerve, nervous see also neur– || From L nervus : sinew, tendon

nes– {island}: chersonese, Dodecanese, Indonesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Peloponnesus, Polynesia || From Gr nēsos : island

neur– {nerve}: epineurium, neural, neuralgia, neurasthenia, neurectomy, neurilemma, neuritis, neurology, neuron, neuropath, neuropsychiatry, Neuroptera, neurosis, neurosurgery, neurotic, neurotoxin, psychoneurosis see also nerv– || From Gr neuron : nerve, tendon

neutr– {neither}: neuter, neutral, neutralize, neutrino, neutron see also n– || From L neuter : neither From ne– : not ( From IE *ne– : not) + uter : interrogative: which of the two

nex– see nect–

nic– {victory}: Bernice, Eunice, Nicholas Nike || From Gr Nikē : goddess of victory

nickel– {demon}: nickel, pumpernickel || From Ger nickel : goblin, demon From Nikolaus : Nicholas

nid– {nest}: nide, nidicolous, nidifugous, nidify, nidus || From L nīdus : nest

nigr– {black}: denigrate, Negrito, negritude, Niger, Nigeria, nigrescence, nigrify, nigritude, nigrosine same as negr–, noir– || From L niger : black To nigrare : to be black From

nihil– {nothing}: annihilate, nihil, nihilism nil see also n– compare omni– || From L nīhilum, nīlum : nothing From ne : not ( From IE *ne– : not) + hīlum : a trifle, the least thing

nitr– {nitrogen}: niter, nitrate, nitric, nitride, nitrify, nitrite, nitrocellulose, nitrogen, nitroglycerin, nitrous, trinitrotoluene || From L nitrum : natron, natural soda From Gr nitron : native soda, natron From Heb netr or Egypt ntr

no– {perception, the intellect, the mind}: noetic, noumenon, nous, paranoia || From Gr nous, noos : the mind

nobl– {to be known, noble}: ennoble, ignoble, nobility, noble, nobleman, noblesse see also not–1 || From L nōbilis : well-known, celebrated, renowned, noble

noc–, nox– {harm}: innocent, innocuous, nocent, nociceptive, nocuous, noxious, obnoxious unrelated: equinox || From L nocens (gen. nocentis) : harmful, injurious, noxious To nocēre : to injure, to harm To noxa : harm, injury To noxius : noxious, harmful

noct– {night}: equinoctial, noctambulism, noctilucent, Noctuidae, nocturn, nocturnal, nocturne equinox Ger. Nacht see also nyct– compare di–3 || From L noctis, gen. of nox : night To nocturnus : nocturnal, nightly

nod– {knot, node}: nodal, node, nodose, nodule, nodus || From L nōdus : knot

noir– {black}: bête noire, film noir, noir same as negr–, nigr– || From Fr noir : black From L niger : black To nigrare : to be black From

nom–1 {law, system, arrangement}: agronomy, anomie, Antinomian, antinomy, astronomy, autonomic, autonomous, autonomy, binomial, Deuteronomy, economics, economy, ergonomics, gastronomy, metronome, nomogram, nomography, nomological, nomothetic, –nomy, taxonomy || From Gr nomos : law, usage, custom From nemein : to distribute, to govern From IE *nem– : to assign, to allot, to take, to arrange

nom–2, nomen–, nomin– {name}: agnomen, cognomen, denomination, denominator, ignominious, innominate, misnomer, nom de guerre, nom de plume, nomen, nomenclature, nominal, nominate, nominative, nominee, polynomial, praenomen noun, pronoun, renown Fr. nom Sp. nombre It. nome Ger. name see also onom–, onym– || From L nōmen (gen. nōminis) : name To nōmenclātor : a slave who told his master the names of the persons he met; nōminare : to name, to give a name, to make famous, to nominate for office From IE *nomen– (also *nomn–, *onomn–) : name

nomen– see nom–2

nomin– see nom–2

non– {nine}: nonagenarian, nonagon, none (canonical hour), nones, nonillion, nonuple noon same as nov–2 || From L nōnus : the ninth From novem : nine

nor– {north}: Nordic, Norfolk, Norge (Norway), Norman, Normandy, Norse, north, Norton, Norway, Norwich || From OE, Du, ON From Gmc root nor– : north

norm– {pattern, rule}: abnormal, enormity, enormous, norm, Norma, normal || From L norma : a carpenter’s square for measuring right angles, hence: a rule, a standard; poss. From Etruscan From Gr gnōmōn : carpenter’s square, rule; literally, “one that knows”

nos–1 {disease, sickness}: anthracnose, nosocomial, nosography, nosology, zoonosis || From Gr nosos : disease

nos–2 {nose}: nose, nostril see also nas–2 || From OE nosu From Gmc root From IE *nas– : nose, nostril

nost– {to return home}: nostalgia, nostology, nostomania || From Gr nostos : a return home

nostr– {our}: Cosa Nostra, mare nostrum, Nostratic, nostrum, Pater Noster Notre Dame || From L noster : our, ours From nōs : us

not–1 {to know, to note}: annotate, connotation, denote, nota bene, notable, notarize, notary public, notation, note, notebook, noted, noteworthy, notice, notify, notion, notoriety, notorious, prothonotary ignorant, ignore see also gno–, nobl– || From L notare : to note, to mark, to distinguish, to write From nota : mark, token, note, sign From noscere (old form gnoscere) : to become acquainted with, to get knowledge of, to recognize, to approve

not–2 {south}: Notogaea, notornis compare borea– || From Gr notos : south, south wind, rain-bringing wind

noto– {the back}: notochord, notoungulate notum || From Gr nōton : the back To ML notum

nounc– {to call out}: announce, denounce, pronounce, renounce same as nunci– || From ME –nouncen From OFr –noncier From L nuntiare : to announce, to give notice From nuntius : messenger, announcer, message, news

nouv– {new}: nouveau, nouveau riche, nouvelle cuisine same as nov–1 see also neo– || From Fr nouveau : new From L novus : new, fresh, young

nov–1 {new}: innovate, nova, Nova Scotia, novel, novella, novelty, novice, novitiate, Novocain™, renovate, supernova same as nouv– see also neo– || From L novus : new, fresh, young To novare : to make new, to renew

nov–2 {nine}: November, novena same as non– || From L novem : nine ( To nōnus : the ninth) To November : the ninth month

nox– see noc–

nu– {to nod, hence: to hint}: innuendo, numen, numinous, nutant, nutation unrelated: nuance || From L nūtare : to nod (freq. form of hypothetical verb nūere : to nod) From IE *neu– : to nod

nub–, nupt– {to marry, marriage}: connubial, nubile, nuptial || From L nūbere (pp. nuptum) : to marry To nuptiae : a marriage, a wedding; nūbilis : marriageable. Etymological note: The original meaning of nūbere is to cover, especially with a veil. Hence, of a bride, to marry.

nucl– {core, nucleus}: mononucleosis, nucellus, nuclear, nuclease, nucleic acid, nucleon, nucleoplasm, nucleotide, nucleus, nuclide || From L nucleus : the kernel of a nut, a nut, the stone of a fruit From dim of nux : nut

nud– {naked}: denude, nude, nudibranch, nudicaul, nudist, nudity || From L nūdus : naked, bare To nūdare : to make naked, to strip, to lay bare, to uncover

nul– {none, not}: annul, null, nullify, nullity, nulliparous see also n– || From L nullus : none, not any, not at all From ne– : not ( From IE *ne– : not) + ullus : any, anyone, anything

num– {coin}: numismatics, nummular, nummulite || From L nummus : coin

numer– {number}: alphanumeric, enumerate, denumerable, innumerable, numeral, numerarary, numerate, numerator, numerical, numerology, numero uno, numerous, supernumerary number || From L numerus : a number, a portion, a part of the whole To numerare : to count To numerātus : counted out

nunc– {now}: Nunc Dimittis, quidnunc || From L nunc : now

nunci– {to call out, to announce, hence: messenger}: annunciate, enunciate, nuncio, pronunciation, renunciation same as nounc– || From L nuntiare : to announce, to give notice From nuntius : messenger, announcer, message, news

nupt– see nub–

nur– {to nourish, to nurture, to suckle}: nurse, nursemaid, nursery, nurture nourish same as nutr– || • nurse From OFr norice norrice From LL nutricia From L nūtricius : that suckles or nourishes From L nūtrix (gen. nūtricis) : wet nurse From nūtrire : to nourish • nurture From OFr norreture From LL nutritura, pp. of nūtrire

nutr– {to suckle, to feed, to nourish}: malnutrition, nutrient, nutrition, nutritive same as nur– || From L nūtrire : to nourish, to suckle, to support, to sustain To nūtrix (gen. nūtrīcis) : nurse, foster mother; nūtrimen : nourishment

nyct– {darkness, night}: nyctalopia, nyctitropism, nyctophobia see also noct– compare hemer– || From Gr nyx (gen nyktos) : night

nym– see onym–

nymph– {young wife, young woman, spring goddess}: nymph, Nymphaea, nymphalid, nymphet, nympholepsy, nymphomania || From L nympha From Gr nymphē : young wife, young woman, spring goddess

Unattested, hypothesized
† Unknown origin

78 entries found.

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